As the Buddha was dying, Ananda asked who would be their teacher after death. He replied to his disciple "Be lamps unto yourselves. Look not for a refuge in anyone beside yourselves. Therefore, be ye lamps unto yourselves, be a refuge to yourselves. Hold fast to Truth as a lamp; hold fast to the truth as a refuge. Be A Light Unto Yourself "Therefore, Ananda, be a lamp unto yourself, be a refuge to yourself. "